3. Rögzít, darabol – A1–C2 (69) – altémák

Gyakorlatok

1. Rögzít, összeilleszt (36) 2. Darabol, tör, szakít (33)

2. Darabol, tör, szakít – A1–C2 (33) Szavak

break verb /breɪk/ *(broke, broken) 1 eltör; eltörik [I or T]

The dish fell to the floor and broke.

They had to break a window to get in.

I dropped the vase and it broke into pieces.

burst verb /bɜːst/ [I or T] *(burst, burst) szétreped, kipukkad, kidurran, kipattan; szétrepeszt, kipukkaszt

The balloon burst and frightened the children.

Suddenly the door burst open and police officers carrying guns rushed in.

If I eat any more cake I'll burst!

carve verb /kɑːv/ [I or T] farag, vés

The statue was carved out of stone.

They had carved their initials into the tree.

chop verb /tʃɒp/ [T] (-pp-) felaprít (késsel, baltával, stb.)

He was chopping wood in the yard.

Add the finely chopped carrots.

Chop (up) the onions and carrots roughly.

crack verb /kræk/ [I or T] reped, megreped; megrepeszt

A stone hit the window and cracked the glass.

I cracked my tooth when I fell.

The walls cracked and the roof collapsed in the earthquake.

crumble verb /ˈkrʌm.bl/ morzsol; morzsolódik [I or T]

Buildings crumbled as the earthquake struck.

crush verb /krʌʃ/ [T] összeroppant, összetapos; (apró darabokra) tör

Her car was crushed by a falling tree.

cut verb /kʌt/ *(cutting, cut, cut) 1 vág, felvág, levág, elvág, kivág vmit (pl. késsel/éles eszközzel) [I or T]

She cut herself a slice of bread.

He cut the cake into six pieces and gave each child a slice.

Cut the meat up into small pieces.

I usually cut off any bits of fat when I'm preparing meat.

Who cuts your hair?

dice verb /daɪs/ [T] kockáz, felkockáz (hagymát, sárgarépát, stb.); kockázik, kockáztat vmit

diced onions

extract verb /ɪkˈstrækt/ [T] kihúz, kitép; kiszed, kivesz, eltávolít; kivon, lepárol, kilúgoz, extrahál

The oil which is extracted from olives is used mainly for cooking.

The tooth was eventually extracted.

peel verb /piːl/ 2 lehámoz, lefejt; leválik [I or T]

The posters were peeling away from the damp walls.

Peel off the backing strip and press the label down firmly.

rip verb /rɪp/ [I or T] (-pp-) tép, szakít; letép; szakad, elszakad

His new trousers ripped when he bent down.

She ripped her dress getting off her bike.

He excitedly ripped open the parcel.

slice verb /slaɪs/ [T] szel, felszel, felszeletel

Slice the mushrooms thinly and fry in butter.

Could you slice me a very thin piece of cake/slice a very thin piece of cake for me?

smash verb /smæʃ/ összetör, összezúz, darabokra tör; összetörik, darabokra törik [I or T]

Rioters ran through the city centre smashing windows.

She dropped her cup and watched it smash to pieces on the stone floor.

Firemen had to smash the lock to get in.

snap verb /snæp/ 1 pattan, lepattan, letörik; letör, eltör, kettétör, elpattint (ágat, botot, stb.) [I or T]

The wind had snapped the tree in two.

Paul snapped off the smaller branches.

Snap the biscuit in two and share it.

split verb /splɪt/ *(splitting, split, split) 3 hasad, reped; hasít [I or T]

He split his trousers when he bent over.

Her shoes were splitting apart at the sides.

The wooden floor had cracked and split in the heat.

squash verb /skwɒʃ/ 1 összenyom vmit (összelapít) [T]

He accidentally sat on her hat and squashed it.

tear verb /teər/ [I or T] *(tore, torn) tép, szakít; tépődik, szakad

I tore my skirt on the chair as I stood up.

You have to be very careful with books this old because the paper tends to tear very easily.

A couple of pages had been torn out of the book.

apart adverb /əˈpɑːt/ 3 darabokra

I took the motor apart to see how it worked.

My jacket is so old, it's coming apart.

finely adverb /ˈfaɪn.li/ finomra (vágott/őrölt)

Finely chop the onion.

roughly adverb /ˈrʌf.li/ 3 durván, nagyjából (elnagyolva, nem alaposan)

Roughly chop the tomatoes and add to the onions.

Phrasal verbs:

cut down ↔ sth /kʌt/ 1 levág, kivág (pl. fát)

The new owners cut down the apple trees.

cut out ↔ sth /kʌt/ 1 kivág vmit (vmilyen alakzatot/eltávolít vmit)

She cut out his picture from the magazine.

cut up ↔ sth /kʌt/ felvág, felszel, felaprít, összevagdal (darabokra)

Could you cut up the cake and put it on plates?

fall apart /fɔːl/ 1 szétesik

My poor old boots are falling apart.

plunge sth into sth /plʌndʒ/ belevág vmit vmibe (pl. kést)

He plunged the knife into the man's stomach.

reduce sth to sth /rɪˈdjuːs/ rombol/zúz vmivé vmit (pl. építményt)

The earthquake reduced the city to ruins.

tear up ↔ sth /teər/ darabokra tép (pl. papírt)

He tore the letter up and threw it away.

Phrases and idioms:

break/cut, etc. sth in half félbe/ketté tör/vág/stb.

I've divided the money in half.

Fold the piece of paper in half.

come apart/off, etc. szétesik, leesik, stb. (vmilyenné lesz/válik)

The book came apart in my hands.

The handle came off.

The door came open.

in two/half félbe, ketté

Cut the potatoes in two.

Fold the piece of paper in half.

rip sth out/off/from, etc. kitép/letép/stb. (gyorsan eltávolít vmit)

Hedges had been ripped out to make larger fields.

tear sth out of/off/down, etc. kitép/letép/stb.

She tore his picture down from the wall.

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