6. Befolyásolás, tiltás – A1–C2 (74) – altémák

Gyakorlatok

1. Befolyásolás, beleavatkozás (45) 2. Engedés, tiltás (29)

2. Engedés, tiltás – A1–C2 (29) Szavak

allow verb /əˈlaʊ/ 1 megenged, engedélyez [T]

You're not allowed to talk during the exam.

Pets aren't allowed in this hotel.

The referee decided to allow the goal.

ask verb /ɑːsk/ 5 engedélyt kér (vmire) [I or T]

Bruce asked if he could stay with us for a few days.

ban verb /bæn/ [T usually passive] (-nn-) megtilt, betilt vmit, eltilt vmitől

The film was banned in several countries.

She was banned from driving for two years.

check verb /tʃek/ 3 megkér/megkérdez vkit (engedélyt kér vkitől) [I]

I'd like to stay overnight, but I need to check with my parents.

deny verb /dɪˈnaɪ/ [T] 2 megtagad vkitől vmit, visszautasít/nem enged vkinek vmit

Her request for time off work was denied.

No one should be denied a good education.

The goalkeeper denied him his third goal.

I was denied the opportunity of learning French at school.

forbid verb /fəˈbɪd/ [T] *(forbidding, forbade, forbidden) megtilt vmit vkinek; tilos (ált. szenvedő szerkezetben)

I forbid you to see that boy again!

The law forbids the sale of cigarettes to underage people.

He is forbidden from leaving the country.

give verb /gɪv/ [T] *(gave, given) 4 ad (lehetőséget, jogot) [+ two objects]

We didn't really give him a chance to explain.

let verb /let/ *(letting, let, let) enged, megenged, hagy (vmit megtenni/megtörténni) [T]

She wanted to go but her parents wouldn't let her.

He decided to let his hair grow long.

Let your shoes dry completely before putting them on.

I'm letting you stay up late, just this once.

Don't let it worry you.

permit verb /pəˈmɪt/ (-tt-) (slightly formal) 1 megenged, engedélyez (ált. törvény, szabály) [T]

Photography is not permitted inside the museum.

The prison authorities permit visiting only once a month.

The security system will not permit you to enter without the correct password.

prohibit verb /prəʊˈhɪb.ɪt/ [T often passive] tilt, megtilt (törvény/szabály)

Motor vehicles are prohibited from driving in the town centre.

The government introduced a law prohibiting tobacco advertisements on TV.

Parking is strictly prohibited between these gates.

suspend verb /səˈspend/ [T] 1 felfüggeszt vkit, átmenetileg eltilt/kitilt vkit

She was suspended from school for fighting.

He was suspended for four matches after arguing with the referee.

tolerate verb /ˈtɒl.ər.eɪt/ [T] 1 megenged, megtűr, tolerál vmit

I will not tolerate that sort of behaviour in my class.

We will not tolerate racism of any sort.

can modal verb /kæn/ 5 -hat, -het (engedély kérése/adása)

Can I go now?

You can't park here.

could modal verb /kʊd/ 5 -hat, -het (udvarias engedélykérés)

Could I speak to Mr Davis, please?

Excuse me, could I just say something here?

may modal verb /meɪ/ 3 -hat, -het (engedély kérése, adása) (formal)

May I be excused, please?

"May I help myself to some more food?" "Yes, of course."

You may begin.

Hi, my name's Tiffany. How may I help you?

ban noun /bæn/ [C] tilalom

There should be a ban on talking loudly in cinemas.

permission noun /pəˈmɪʃ.ən/ [U] engedély; engedélyezés

She gave him permission immediately.

They even have to ask for permission before they go to the toilet.

Official permission has been granted for more building near the river.

The authorities have refused permission for the demonstration to take place.

all right adjective, adverb /ɔːlˈraɪt/ also: alright 3 rendben van (engedély kérése/adása vmire)

Is it all right if I put some music on?

It's all right to have your friends round so long as you check with me first.

Is it all right with you if I leave the window open?

alright adjective, adverb /ɔːlˈraɪt/ also: all right 3 rendben van (engedély kérése/adása vmire)

Is it alright if I put some music on?

It's alright to have your friends round so long as you check with me first.

Is it alright with you if I leave early today?

forbidden adjective /fəˈbɪd.ən/ tilos (ált. törvény miatt)

Smoking is forbidden in the cinema.

OK adjective /ˌəʊˈkeɪ/ also: okay (informal) 3 megengedett, elfogadható

Is it OK if I bring a friend to the party?

Is it okay to smoke in here?

If it's okay by/with you, I'll leave the shopping till tomorrow.

no determiner /nəʊ/ 2 tilos (tiltó táblákon)

No smoking/fishing

from preposition /frɒm/ 10 -tól, -től (tiltás/védelem vmitől)

He's been banned from driving for six months.

For many years, the truth was kept from the public.

Phrasal verbs:

go ahead /gəʊ/ 2 csak tessék! csak rajta! csináld csak! folytasd csak! (engedély, biztatás)

"Can I borrow your book?" - "Yes, go ahead."

Phrases and idioms:

a free hand szabad kezet kap vmihez

The students were given a free hand as far as designing their product was concerned.

be welcome to do sth módjában/rendelkezésére áll vmi (felajánlás/megengedés)

Anyone who is interested is welcome to come along.

Do you mind ...? kérem/legyen szíves; megtenné/megtennéd (, hogy); megengedi/megengeded (, hogy) (udvarias kérés)

Do you mind if I put the television on?

Don't you dare ne merészeld (informal)

Don't you dare hit your sister!

take the liberty of doing sth bátorkodik/merészkedik megtenni vmit

I took the liberty of booking theatre seats for us.

Kommunikációs szándékok: Megengedettség tisztázásaEngedélyezés, tiltás

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